Fermilab, originally named the National Accelerator Laboratory, was commissioned by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, under a bill signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson on November 21, 1967. Founding Director Robert R. Wilson committed the laboratory to firm principles of scientific excellence, aesthetic beauty, stewardship of the land, fiscal responsibility and equality of opportunity. Universities Research Association built the laboratory, and has operated the facility under those principles since its founding.
Two major components of the Standard Model of Fundamental Particles and Forces were discovered at Fermilab: the bottom quark (May-June 1977) and the top quark (February 1995). In July 2000, Fermilab experimenters announced the first direct observation of the tau neutrino, the last fundamental particle to be observed. Filling the final slot in the Standard Model, the tau neutrino set the stage for new discoveries and new physics with the inauguration of Collider Run II of the Tevatron in March 2001.
The Tevatron, four miles in circumference and originally named the Energy Doubler when it began operation in 1983, is the world's highest-energy particle accelerator. Its 1,000 superconducting magnets are cooled by liquid helium to -268 degrees C (-450 degrees F). Its low-temperature cooling system was the largest ever built when it was placed in operation in 1983. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers has designated the Tevatron cryogenic system an International Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark.
Fermilab has added the two-mile Main Injector accelerator to increase the number of proton-antiproton collisions in the Tevatron, greatly enhancing the chances for important discoveries in Run II. The two apartment building-sized collider detectors, CDF and DZero, have undergone extensive upgrades during the nearly decade-long preparations for Run II.
Fermilab's 6,800-acre site was originally home to farmland, and to the village of Weston. Some of the original barns are still in use by the laboratory, for purposes ranging from storage to social events. A small burial ground, with headstones dating back to 1839, has been maintained in the northwest corner of the site. Robert Wilson was buried in the Pioneer Cemetery following his death on January 16, 2000 at the age of 85.
Among Wilson's early imprints on the lab was the establishment of a herd of American bison, symbolizing the Fermilab's presence on the frontiers of high-energy physics, and the connection to its prairie origins. The herd stands today, and new calves are born every spring.
|Great American Popcorn Company
It's just a small manufacturing operation but worth the stop to see and smell the chocolate, cheese and caramel-flavored popcorn in wooden barrels at the Great American Popcorn Company in Galena, Illinois. You'll get a short tour that includes information on the history of popcorn and what makes it pop, then you'll see how flavored popcorn is made from the cookers to the coaters.
Be sure to call ahead so the owner, Dave Lewis, can have a fresh batch of caramel corn ready to come out when you arrive. And, of course, you get to taste the treat while it's still warm!
The company produces more than 150 flavors of popcorn and has about 25 to 30 flavors available in its retail store. The tour is free, but you must call ahead. Plan to visit sometime after 11 A.M. so the popcorn making is in full swing.
|John Deere Harvester Works
East Moline, IL
How We Build Your Combine
Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) machines, capable of holding 37 unique punches in a large wheel, are used to create various combinations of parts. Harvester Works also uses lasers that cut at rates of up to 400-inches per minute. Presses are used for larger sheet metal forming and can apply 400-to 1000-tons of pressure.
120,000 Square Feet of Paint Technology
After the pre-treatment process, a coat of paint (0.8-1.0-mil) is applied and baked for 68 minutes at 275 degrees F. The three-stage electrocoat process is capable of operating at 600 volts and 2000 degrees. At this stage of the paint process, four Fanuc P200 robots capable of painting 39-inches per second apply a final topcoat. Under normal conditions, a part is involved in the paint process for approximately 5 hours from start to finish.
Assembly of Your Combine
Body (separator cleaning shoe)
Purchased parts such as engines, radiators, and fuel tanks arrive Just In Time (JIT) at loading docks near their final point of use. Parts arrive from all over the United States and from sister factories all over the world. These major sub-assemblies come together on the "main line" to be assembled into your finished combine.
|John Deere Pavilion
In 1848, John Deere changed the course of local history in Moline Illinois by locating his first plow manufacturing plant on the banks of the Mississippi River. With this factory, John Deere's dream of producing a superior self-scouring plow for the western frontier became a reality. Across the country, farmers used his plow to till the land and they forever changed the shape of agriculture. The rest, as they say, is history: a history that is preserved at the John Deere Pavilion.
The John Deere Pavilion was created as a celebration of the past, present and future of agribusiness. It has attracted guests from all corners of the globe and is recognized as the world's most comprehensive agricultural exhibit.
Almost overnight, the John Deere Pavilion became the Quad Cities most popular tourist attraction and one of the top five attractions in the state of Illinois. When you visit downtown Moline and see the Pavilion for yourself, you'll understand why!
It's part of an entire experience that begins with the legend of John Deere. But beyond that, this revitalized urban area offers some of the most unique shopping opportunities, fine dining, entertainment and family fun that can't be beat. Not to mention, you'll be surrounded by some of the Midwest's friendliest folks!
|Long Grove Confectionery Co.
Buffalo Grove, IL
Locally owned and operated in the USA. Gourmet Chocolates Wholesale. We offer factory tours to the public via appointment for groups of 10 or more or you can possibly join a pre existing group. Tour is at our production factilty.
North Aurora, IL
In 1915, Peter J. Oberweis found that he had too much milk so he began selling it to neighbors. In essence, the family dairy business that now spans almost 100 years had begun.
The Oberweis family has been delivering milk to homes since 1927 when Peter bought a half partnership in the Big Woods Dairy. A few years later he bought the entire enterprise, renamed it Oberweis Dairy and his high school son Joe left school to help out. During the Depression refrigeration was inefficient. Milk could be safely kept only a few days thus necessitating daily home delivery.
During the war, when gas rationing was in effect, refrigeration had improved so delivery was changed to every other day. By the mid 1920's home delivery was being made in a Model T.
We're still delivering bright and early. We're still using glass bottles, because we don't think milk should taste like plastic...just milk, pure and simple. We don't believe in adding anything unnecessary to our milk either. That's why none of our farmers use the rBGH hormone on their cows.
We're still family owned and operated too. What's more, we stick to what got us here...Peter Oberweis' lifelong commitment to quality and service.
Over the years we've gone from the nostalgic horse and milk cart to the Model T to the milk trucks of the 50's and on to more modern home delivery trucks you see us use today.
We've built a bigger, better facility, expanded our product line and opened retail stores where folks can come in for our award-winning milk in glass bottles and our super-premium ice cream.
Whether we deliver right to your door, or you visit one of our dairy stores, you can be confident that our quality and service will always be "Simply the Best".
That's the way Peter Oberweis wanted it, and we're chips off the old block.
Call us at (630) 801-6100 to sign-up for an Oberweis Plant Tour. You'll get to see where we make our world-famous milk and ice cream! You'll see a video of all the behind-the-scenes action at Oberweis Dairy including the farms where our rGBH hormone free cows live, the Oberweis Milkman and our plant. We finish off the tour in our Retail Store where everyone enjoys a cup of our classic vanilla ice cream!